Non-governmental organizations NGOs have become quite prominent in the field of international development in recent decades. But the term NGO encompasses a vast category of groups and organizations. The World Bank, for example, defines NGOs as private organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services, or undertake community development.
Resources for this topic Non-governmental organizations NGOs have played a major role in pushing for sustainable development at the international level. Campaigning groups have been key drivers of inter-governmental negotiations, ranging from the regulation of hazardous wastes to a global ban on land mines and the elimination of slavery.
But NGOs are not only focusing their energies on governments and inter-governmental processes. With the retreat of the state from a number of public functions and regulatory activities, NGOs have begun to fix their sights on powerful corporations - many of which can rival entire nations in terms of their resources and influence.
Aided by advances in information and communications technology, NGOs have helped to focus attention on the social and environmental externalities of business activity. Even those businesses that do not specialize in highly visible branded goods are feeling the pressure, as campaigners develop techniques to target downstream customers and shareholders.
In response to such pressures, many businesses are abandoning their narrow Milton Friedmanite shareholder theory of value in favour of a broader, stakeholder approach which not only seeks increased share value, but cares about how this increased value is to be attained.
Such a stakeholder approach takes into account the effects of business activity - not just on shareholders, but on customers, employees, communities and other interested groups. There are many visible manifestations of this shift. One has been the devotion of energy and resources by companies to environmental and social affairs.
Companies are taking responsibility for their externalities and reporting on the impact of their activities on a range of stakeholders.
Nor are companies merely reporting; many are striving to design new management structures which integrate sustainable development concerns into the decision-making process.
Much of the credit for creating these trends can be taken by NGOs. But how should the business world react to NGOs in the future? Should companies batten down the hatches and gird themselves against attacks from hostile critics? Or should they hold out hope that NGOs can sometimes be helpful partners?
For those businesses willing to engage with the NGO community, how can they do so?
Other NGOs are research-driven policy organizations, looking to engage with decision-makers. Still others see themselves as watchdogs, casting a critical eye over current events.
They hail from north and south and from all points in between - with the contrasting levels of resources which such differences often imply. Some are highly sophisticated, media-savvy organizations like Friends of the Earth and WWF; others are tiny, grassroots collectives, never destined to be household names.
Although it is often assumed that NGOs are charities or enjoy non-profit status, some NGOs are profit-making organizations such as cooperatives or groups which lobby on behalf of profit-driven interests.
Such a broad definition has its critics. It is more common to define NGOs as those organizations which pursue some sort of public interest or public good, rather than individual or commercial interests.
Even then, the NGO community remains a diverse constellation. Some groups may pursue a single policy objective - for example access to AIDS drugs in developing countries or press freedom. Others will pursue more sweeping policy goals such as poverty eradication or human rights protection.
However, one characteristic these diverse organizations share is that their non-profit status means they are not hindered by short-term financial objectives. Accordingly, they are able to devote themselves to issues which occur across longer time horizons, such as climate change, malaria prevention or a global ban on landmines.
Public surveys reveal that NGOs often enjoy a high degree of public trust, which can make them a useful - but not always sufficient - proxy for the concerns of society and stakeholders. Not all NGOs are amenable to collaboration with the private sector. Some will prefer to remain at a distance, by monitoring, publicizing, and criticizing in cases where companies fail to take seriously their impacts upon the wider community.
However, many are showing a willingness to devote some of their energy and resources to working alongside business, in order to address corporate social responsibility.
There, NGO-business relations expert Jem Bendell explores several NGO-business relationships and explains how the new wave of partnerships differs from old-style corporate philanthropy.NGO participation The active participation of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) is a critical element in the work of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW).
Roles of NGOs.
Among the wide variety of roles that NGOs play, the following six can be identified as important, at the risk of generalization: Development .
The NGO Development Center seeks to provide the NGO sector with support and necessary tools to build a vibrant and essential sector capable of providing . “AAT has abundant knowledge on the factors that render women vulnerable to exploitation, the modus operandi of their exploiters, the behaviours of the consumers, the political issues influencing policies and actions and the general mentality of the populations towards these issues and its impact on women’s rehabilitation needs.
Ngô Đình Diệm (/ d j ɛ m /; Vietnamese: [ŋō ɗìn jîəmˀ] (); 3 January – 2 November ) was a South Vietnamese politician. A former mandarin of the Nguyễn dynasty, he was named Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam by Head of State Bảo Đại in In October , after winning a heavily rigged referendum, he deposed Bảo Đại and established the first Republic.
Rural Development Organization Our Organization is a registered NGO in India, working on number of organic farming projects and social support to the women to protect them and empower them to be self-sufficient in the future.
Our Sanjeevani NGO also provide health education to the underprivileged children and women in the community, who reside in rural area.