Could God create a rock so heavy He could not lift it? This question is frequently asked by skeptics of God, the Bible, Christianity, etc. If God can create a rock that He cannot lift, then God is not omnipotent. If God cannot create a rock so heavy that He cannot lift it, then God is not omnipotent.
References and Further Reading 1. Sources of Western Concepts of God Sources of western concepts of the divine have been threefold: Reported experiences of God are remarkably varied and have produced equally varied concepts of the divine being.
Experiences can be occasioned by something external and universally available, such as the starry sky, or by something external and private, such as a burning bush. Experiences can be internal and effable, such as a vision, or internal and ineffable, as is claimed by some mystics.
Revelation can be linked to religious experience or a type of it, both for the person originally receiving it and the one merely accepting it as authoritative.
Those who accept its authority typically regard it as a source of concepts of the divine that are more detailed and more accurate than could be obtained by other means. Increasingly, the modern focus has been on the complexities of the process of interpretation philosophical hermeneutics and the extent to which it is necessarily subjective.
Revelation can be intentionally unconnected to reason such that it is accepted on bare faith fideism; compare Kierkegaardor at the other extreme, can be grounded in reason in that it is accepted because and only insofar as it is reasonable compare Locke.
Reason has been taken as ancillary to religious experience and revelation, or on other accounts, as independent and the sole reliable source of concepts of God.
Each of the three sources of concepts of God has had those who regard it as the sole reliable basis of our idea of the divine. By contrast, others have regarded two or three of the sources as interdependent and mutually reinforcing.
Regardless of these differing approaches, theism broadly construed has been a dominant theme for much of the history of Western thought. Greeks At the dawn of philosophy, the Ionian Greeks sought to understand the true nature of the cosmos and its manifestations of both change and permanence.
To Heraclitusall was change and nothing endured, whereas to Parmenidesall change was apparent. The Pythagoreans found order and permanence in mathematics, giving it religious significance as ultimate being. The Stoics identified order with divine reason.
To PlatoGod is transcendent-the highest and most perfect being-and one who uses eternal forms, or archetypes, to fashion a universe that is eternal and uncreated. The order and purpose he gives the universe is limited by the imperfections inherent in material. Flaws are therefore real and exist in the universe; they are not merely higher divine purposes misunderstood by humans.
God is not the author of everything because some things are evil. We can infer that God is the author of the punishments of the wicked because those punishments benefit the wicked. God, being good, is also unchangeable since any change would be for the worse.
For Plato, this does not mean as some later Christian thought held that God is the ground of moral goodness; rather, whatever is good is good in an of itself.
God must be a first cause and a self-moved mover otherwise there will be an infinite regress to causes of causes. Plato is not committed to monotheism, but suggests for example that since planetary motion is uniform and circular, and since such motion is the motion of reason, then a planet must be driven by a rational soul.
These souls that drive the planets could be called gods. Aristotle made God passively responsible for change in the world in the sense that all things seek divine perfection.
God imbues all things with order and purpose, both of which can be discovered and point to his or its divine existence. From those contingent things we come to know universals, whereas God knows universals prior to their existence in things.
God, the highest being though not a loving beingengages in perfect contemplation of the most worthy object, which is himself. He is thus unaware of the world and cares nothing for it, being an unmoved mover.
God as pure form is wholly immaterial, and as perfect he is unchanging since he cannot become more perfect.
This perfect and immutable God is therefore the apex of being and knowledge. God must be eternal. That is because time is eternal, and since there can be no time without change, change must be eternal.
And for change to be eternal the cause of change-the unmoved mover-must also be eternal. To be eternal God must also be immaterial since only immaterial things are immune from change. Additionally, as an immaterial being, God is not extended in space.
In that overflow, the universe comes out of God ex deo in a timeless process. It does not come by creation because that would entail consciousness and will, which Plotinus claimed would limit God.
The first emanation out of God nous is the highest, successive emanations being less and less real.This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable lausannecongress2018.comced material may be challenged and removed.
(April ) (Learn how and when to remove this template message). Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are sometimes called Abrahamic religions because they all accept the tradition of a god, Yahweh, that revealed himself to the prophet lausannecongress2018.com theological traditions of all Abrahamic religions are thus to some extent influenced by the depiction of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible, and the historical development of monotheism in the history of Judaism.
The concept of divine kingship was known but rarely taken seriously, the claim to the status of the caste of royalty becoming more important. Because conformity to the social order had precedence over allegiance to the state, the idea of representation found expression not so much in political.
Ken and John begin this episode by establishing the motivation for a show dedicated to the “Concept of God”. They argue that before a debate about the existence of God can begin, one needs to understand what properties such a God would have to possess.
The Concept of 'Worship' A Quranic perspective. By: A Muhammad. The Quranic word 'Al-Ebadah' means the act of worship. To most people the act of worship is . Rather, humans created the concept of spirits, including perhaps a great spirit God.
Since Animists are now greatly outnumbered by monotheists, polytheists and other later-developing religions, there is a near consensus that Animists' ancestors created their God, spirits, and myths; God did not reveal them to the tribes.