This paper will discuss the eight stages of development. This paper will also discuss the ultimate goals for each one of those stages of development and what the outcome should be in each stage.
Hire Writer The developing collection of cells is now called an embryo and is attached to the wall of the uterus by a placenta. Chemicals are released to prevent the women having another menstrual period.
By 8 weeks, the embryo had grown between approximately 3 and 4cm, has a recognisable heartbeat and the beginnings of eyes, ears and a mouth. During the remaining 7 months, all the organs continue to develop and by 20 weeks, the foetus will have reached about half its length at birth and by 32 weeks, it will be about half its birth weight.
Only about half fertilised eggs develop to become babies and is many eggs are lost without the women ever knowing she was pregnant. Birth has three stages of labour: Birth can also be done via caesarean section which is the removal of the newborn through a surgical incision in the abdomen.
When babies are born, their brains are not fully developed however they can hear sounds, tell differences in the taste of things and identify the smell of their mother or main carer. This is due to infants being born with various temporary and primitive reflexes. The primitive reflexes consists of: If you place your finger in the palm of the baby, they will grasp your finger tightly.
When the baby is startled i. This is called the startle reflex. If the baby is held upright, they will attempt to move their feet as if they are walking. This is called the walking reflex. Regarding physical development, the first year is the period of rapid physical growth.
A normal baby doubles its birth weight in six months and triples it in a year. During that time, there is great expansion of the head and chest, allowing development of the brain, heart, and lungs. The bones, which are relatively soft at birth, begin to harden and soft parts of the newborn skull, begin to calcify, the small one at the back of the head at about 3 months, the larger one in front at varying ages up to 18 months.
Brain weight also increases rapidly during infancy: They later on learn to run and climb stairs.
Babies form their first relationship through emotional attachments with their mother or main carer. Infants tend to have different cries for hunger or pain, as well as making other noises. These abilities show your child is gaining communication and pre-language skills. Infants from birth to 6 months will forget about objects they cannot see however they begin to explore objects they can see and grab by putting them in their mouths.
They will also follow moving objects with their eyes and look around at nearby objects. Infants in this stage will turn to look at a source of sound.
From 7 to 12 months, infants also learn the idea of cause and effect, and they might repeat an action that causes a certain reaction i. While younger infants will forget about objects you hide, older infants will look for things they see you hide. John's character Essay Infants in this stage also still explore objects by putting them in their mouths.
They are better able to pass objects from hand to hand, and they can even pick up items like cereal between their thumbs and index fingers. A well-fed, sleepy, and comfortable baby will be very peaceful. This satisfied state can quickly change to frantic crying when an infant is hungry, uncomfortable or has a wet nappy.
They will become excited about people, toys, and food. Infants have almost no ability to control their emotions at times become overwhelmed, even with things that usually make them feel good.
A child in this age range grows approximately 2 and a half inches in height and pounds per year in weight. Their body fat declines as they child is more active as they become adventurous.
Boys tend to build up more muscle whereas girls will have more fat. By the age of 4, children are able to throw and kick larger balls and play basic ball games. By 6 -7, the child may have learned to skip and ride a bike.
Young children are still emotionally attached to their main carers as well as other adults that care for them. They begin to understand social roles and behaviours within the family which is known as primary socialisation.
By having a family orientated environment, it provides a safe and secure base for the child to then learn how to form social relationships with other children through play. They learn to co-operate with other children, and later on, become more independent and form their own relationships with children based on their sense of mutual trust.
They will continue to largely depend of those familiar faces surrounding them and at certain times, will only settle with specific people i.Piaget and cognitive development theory Piaget's Stages of Development Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development Piaget's Theory of Infant Development Piaget's and Vygotsky's Views of Cognitive Development Stages of Development Stages of Social-Emotional Development The development in play behaviour has been described as a series of stages.
Present the evidence for this and evaluate with . The evidence for distinct stages of moral development looks very weak, and some would argue that behind the theory is a culturally biased belief in the superiority of American values over those of other cultures and societies.
Stages of Social Development This short essay will describe the various stages of development, and what role social development will play in how I teach in my future classes.
There are three levels and six stages of moral reasoning. Stages of Social Development Social development plays a significant role in the success of student achievement. Social development involves learning values for children, along with knowledge and skills children will need to relate to others.
It is important children contribute positive attitudes to their peers, family members, school and community. Development through the life stages. UNIT 4 P1 M1 D1 Development through the life stages.
UNIT 4 P1 M1 D1 * Introduction In this essay I will be explaining the development throughout the life stages. Details: In a word essay, discuss the following: Describe the various stages of social development. What role does social development play in how you teach?