Introduction Social Darwinismterm coined in the late 19th century to describe the idea that humans, like animals and plants, compete in a struggle for existence in which natural selection results in "survival of the fittest. Some social Darwinists argue that governments should not interfere with human competition by attempting to regulate the economy or cure social ills such as poverty.
It begins with the assumption that in the natural world the struggle for existence is good, because it leads to the evolution of animals that are better adapted… The social Darwinists—notably Spencer and Walter Bagehot in England and William Graham Sumner in the United States—believed that the process of natural selection acting on variations in the population would result in the survival of the best competitors and in continuing improvement in the population.
Societies were viewed as organisms that evolve in this manner. Walter Bagehot, mezzotint by Norman Hirst, after a photograph. Courtesy of the trustees of the British Museum; photograph, J. Attempts to reform society through state intervention or other means would, therefore, interfere with natural processes; unrestricted competition and defense of the status quo were in accord with biological selection.
At the societal level, social Darwinism was used as a philosophical rationalization for imperialistcolonialistand racist policies, sustaining belief in Anglo-Saxon or Aryan cultural and biological superiority.
Social Darwinism declined during the 20th century as an expanded knowledge of biological, social, and cultural phenomena undermined, rather than supported, its basic tenets. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Thre Views of Social Darwinism - The concept of Social Darwinism was a widely accepted theory in the nineteenth-century.
Various intellectual, and political figures from each side of the political spectrum grasped the theory and interpreted it in various ways. Social Darwinism is a theory made by Charles Darwin.
It stated that, basically, it was survival of the fittest. The weak diminished and eventually all died, and the strong got more power and continued to grow. The following article provides a summary of social Darwinism. Despite the fact that it is an often used and recognizable term, social Darwinism is .
Social Darwinism At the end of the 19th century, Social Darwinism was promoted and included the various ideologies based on a concept that competition among all individuals, groups, nations, or ideas was the framework of social evolution in human societies. Social Darwinism Essay Examples.
39 total results. An Essay on Colonialism. 1, words. 2 pages.
A Discussion of Social Darwinism. words. The Social Darwinism in the History of the United States of America. 2, words. 5 pages. An Introduction and an Analysis of .
Social Darwinism Homework Help Questions. Explain the theory of social Darwinism. Social Darwinism was a theory that applied the principles of natural selection to social relations.