November 14, By Ajit Sen Overpopulation refers to a situation when the number of people in a country exceeds the resources that the country have to meet their needs. Overpopulation refers to a situation when the population grows to an extent that creates problem and hurdle in the social and economic growth of a nation. Of course, this depends on the context.
Many countries throughout the world have the problem of overpopulated cities but none more than those countries that are still developing themselves.
This problematic nature of increasing overpopulation in the cities of developing countries is the biggest global problem needing to be addressed in the 21st century, and will continually need to be addressed in to the future, as overpopulation is increasing at an alarming rate.
One country suffering such problems is Bangladesh and its hugely overpopulated capital city of Dhaka. Many different factors affect this city from education, water quality, health care, the cycle of poverty and many more, while this is a struggling developing country it can be compared to a very developed country such as Japan which is developed and extremely stable in comparison.
Throughout Dhaka the lack of educational services is extremely apparent and the need for new schools, university and other tertiary institutions is more than obvious. For a developing country such as Bangladesh they need more schools and universities so as they can study technology, find suitable places for mines or other resource stocks.
This cycle is nearly impossible to break since if they have very few teachers and schools then it will take a long time to get more teachers even if they were able to put in more teaching facilities.
This cruel cycle is heavily fueled by the fact that they are an overpopulated and developing country, for instance if this was Japan, a country with the same population around , schools and universities could be supplied by the government or privately owned financiers.
Famines, drought and poor water quality in cities like Dhaka in developing countries force many of the inhabitants living out in the country farming or what not to move into the city to seek aid. It is these horrific natural climatic conditions that make it hard for farming and so on but also forces a lot of people into the cities.
Around, 48 per cent of rural and 44 per cent of the urban population live below the poverty line defined as calorie intake per person. Average households spend 59 per cent of their income on food, yet 60 per cent of children below 5 years of age are malnourished.
Resources required to bring about improvements in standards of living are limited. Mujibur Rahman and Hasin Jahan[Online] These statistics show how a developing country cannot take the strain of an overpopulated city. And would almost have to look globally for help.
Many countries all over the world have overpopulated cities, many in developed countries and even more in developing countries but the key difference is how overpopulated cities like Dhaka in Bangladesh struggle since the country has not yet been able to set up the adequate facilities to sustain such a high population , people.
The city and country is so busy putting money out of its budget into feeding the people and trying to keep some kind of decent standard of living that all the things required for a developing country are neglected.
Such as advances in technology, putting in place a good government system and many more. This is why a developing country finds it extremely hard to sustain an overpopulated city. In comparison however a developed country like Japan can support a large population, since everything required is in place; especially government.
This overpopulation then becomes a matter on the global scale since, The effects of urbanization on the environment and water resources are evident. When the number of inhabitants in a certain area gets too big the environments own power of regeneration decreases and the problems will occur.
Wastes will accumulate to air, soil and water. The level of living decreases dues to pollution, traffic, noise, inadequate housing and lack of own space. Summary and Conclusion, [Online]. This high consumption of resources by an overpopulated city puts high undue strain on a developing country.
In turn this also becomes a global problem, since the world can only have so much farming land and so many crops growing at any one time, and if a city requires the importation of food from outside sources this then puts a strain on the global food market, and Bangladesh finds it so hard to sustain good farm land due to the problem of natural disasters.
With all global resources being put under pressure. As years pass the worlds population is only going to get larger and thus the strain on world resources is going to continue to rise, and the problem of overpopulated cities in developing countries has to be addressed.
Perhaps a possible solution could be found in trying to limit the population as was done in Japan with the one child policy.
Since when you compare the two countries Japan and Bangladesh it is clear that they are two countries of equal size yet of far different economic states.
When you compare the two, Japan with a very slow birthrate around. Bangladesh do keep a decent health system however with some rather unusual strategies put in place, like working over the internet to pick up cheap medical to keep all hospitals fully equipped, at least to there best potential.
They even have special services done by the government that allows women in Bangladesh to purchase loans which in turns allows them to set up there very own businesses, this however small does slowly help to breaking the cycle of poverty.
Although Bangladesh does implement these unusual methods they have a lot to strive for before being as stable as Japan. With the country of Japan able to keep its birthrate so low, below 1 this enables that they will not get too overpopulated as they already are, but the fact that they have realized this and implemented measures to contradict a population boom just shows how developed they are.
It is this problematic nature of increasing overpopulation in the cities of developing countries that is the biggest global problem needing to be addressed in the 21st century, and into the future, as overpopulation is increasing at an alarming rate.
More than professional Ph. Feel free to order a custom written essay on Overpopulation from our professional essay writing service.Overpopulation Essay. By Lauren Bradshaw. January 8, This means that in the next twenty-five years about 3 billion people will begin the reproductive phase of their lives; while only approximately billion people will withdraw from that stage of life (Mitchell).
Uncontrolled, immature reproduction is a leading cause of overcrowding. Persuasive Essay: Overpopulation Overpopulation is becoming one of the most preeminent problems facing human civilization.
This complicated, pervasive issue will come to be a problem of the utmost importance for people of all races, religions, and nationalities. When the country population reaches its highest level possible, a lot of problems immediately appear.
In case the population growth exceeds all reasonable limits, serious consequences will be follow and some of them you may describe in your overpopulation cause and effect essay. Over population has been identified as one of the major reasons for the poverty that thrives in many developing countries including India, Bangladesh, Zimbabwe and Ethiopia amongst others.
These countries have high birth rates with inadequate resources to support their growing populace. IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay: You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Overpopulation in most developing countries in Asia and Africa is a problem.
If these countries do not try to control the population immediately, they will face serious problems. Overpopulation is a serious problem that will eventually have an extremely negative effect on our countries, and our planet. Overpopulation Essay. By Lauren Bradshaw. because of poverty (Commoner).
Poverty stricken nations will double in human count in twenty years if they continue at their present rate. One hundred twenty years is the.