Both of these span artistic, literary and intellectual activity of the early 20th century, involving circles of writers, poets and visual artists who feed into a larger group output. Deliberately anti-authoritarian, a nihilistic spirit  drove Dada and it worked itself independently into loosely affiliated centres including New York, Berlin and Paris. In comparison, Surrealism was officially inaugurated in as a small, self-contained group in Paris .
A daguerreotype uses a silver or silver-coated-copper plate to develop an image in a camera obscura. The image is formed when the light-sensitive plate is exposed to light through a camera lens.
A daguerreotype was a unique, direct positive image that could not produce copies. Untitled Mother and Daughter. This international group of artists working in all mediums renounced naturalistic representation in favor of a stripped-down formal vocabulary principally consisting of straight lines, rectangular planes, and primary color.
In a response to the devastation wreaked by World War I, de Stijl artists aimed to achieve a visual harmony in art that could provide a blueprint for restoring order and balance to everyday life. Decorative Arts A term used to describe the design and aesthetics of functional objects with an emphasis on unique and hand-crafted forms often available in limited quantity.
Using a visual vocabulary of abstract forms and prismatic colors, Blaue Reiter artists explored the spiritual values of art as a counter to [what they saw as] the corruption and materialism of their age. The group, which published an influential almanac by the same name, dissolved with the onset of World War I.Jean Marc Gaspard Itard: Victor of Aveyron Jean Marc Gaspard Itard Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (April 24, – July 5, ) was a French physician, regarded as being the founder Carl Gustav Jung.
Guest Essay CELIA RABINOVITCH (PhD McGill University, Montreal; MFA, University of Wisconsin-Madison) is an artist and writer whose work has been exhibited in Canada, the United States, and Europe. Her book, Surrealism and the Sacred: Power, Eros, and the Occult in Modern Art, is widely cited in new approaches to art, literature, creativity, and spirituality.
Oct 15, · Dadaism soon gave way, though, to the more durable Surrealist movement, whose principal theorist and founder was Western painting: Fantasy and the irrational Dada, as the movement was called, owed much to the iconoclasm of the Cubists and to .
Early life. Arp was born in Strasbourg, the son of a French mother and a German father, during the period following the Franco-Prussian War when the area was known as Alsace-Lorraine (Elsass-Lothringen in German) after France had ceded it to Germany in Dada (/ ˈ d ɑː d ɑː /) or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century, with early centers in Zürich, Switzerland, at the Cabaret Voltaire (circa ); New York Dada began circa , and after Dada flourished in Paris.
Alexander Calder ( – ) grew up in a family full of creative energy: his father was a sculptor and his mother painted. As a child, he made small sculptures, model animals and jewellery from whatever materials came to hand.