Science and Ethics- The Manhattan Project?
During this time and untilradioactive process byproducts were stored at a Louis Airport, which is now referred to as the St.
During this move, improper handling and transportation of the contamination caused the spread of materials along haul routes and to adjacent vicinity properties. This was an open-air storage site and was intended to be so, in order to dry the radioactive material prior to shipping.
The construction booms in the s and s led to soil re-grading and the process redistributed the contaminant materials that had been sent downstream by runoffpossibly creating potential modes of human exposure through inhalation and ingestion. Community Concerns A cohort of residents who grew up in the Coldwater Creek area in the s and s noticed that a lot of their high school classmates and neighbors were dying of various types of cancer.
They created a Facebook page to bring together residents with similar concerns. That page grew to more than 20, participants in a year. Admittedly, these are all self-reported conditions. Nonetheless, there are some huge red flags to consider.
For example, 30 cases of appendix cancer were identified in a relatively small geographic area when there are less than 1, cases nationwide per year.
The community is also concerned about many other conditions that may or may not be associated with exposure to contaminants from Coldwater Creek such as leukemia, brain tumors, breast cancer, and colon cancer.
Cleanup of Coldwater Creek The U. Army Corps of Engineers, St. Louis District, is conducting a radiological cleanup program for the St.
This program involves extensive and meticulous testing along the banks of the creek as well as its bed and adjoining properties parks, backyards. Any traces of contamination found are carefully removed with clean margins around the soil.
The contaminated material is then removed and shipped for disposal elsewhere. Cin Park in Hazelwood, located just north of I along the creek, was conducted this summer. The remaining 8, tons of leached barium sulfate was mixed with 39, tons of clean fill and deposited at the West Lake Landfill in Bridgeton as cover.
This project remains under the supervision of the U. What Can Physicians in the St. I would urge all physician colleagues in clinical practice in the St. Louis region to consider the following actions: Please raise awareness of this issue for yourself and your colleagues.
A good start would be the U. Army Corps of Engineers project website. Please listen to the concerns of any patients who grew up in the area around Coldwater Creek and take the time to reassure them based on your own clinical judgment. Please consider attending a community meeting on this issue to listen first hand to concerns your fellow residents have about their health as it relates to this issue.Technology and Ethics If the concept of technology includes human arts and crafts, generally, not simply the science-led high technology of modern times, then the influence of technology precedes the dawn of history itself.
Memo for the Record, Manhattan Project July 20, View (2 pages) | John Stone to General Arnold July 24, View (2 pages) | Henry Stimson to Harry S. Truman, with handwritten Truman reply on reverse July 30, View (2 pages).
21st Century Skills Early Learning Framework The 21st Century Skills Early Learning Framework and Guide offer a practical tool for practitioners and advocates to integrate 21st century skills into early learning. The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, The next break in the weather over Japan was due to appear just three days after the attack on Hiroshima, to be followed by at least five more days of prohibitive weather.
Legacies of the Manhattan Project: Reflections on 75 Years of a Nuclear World March , | Richland, WA. Once a small farming community, Hanford and the surrounding area of the Tri Cities (made up of the three cities of Richland, Kennewick, and Pasco, WA) was transformed during the Second World War when it became the site of the Manhattan Project's plutonium production facility.
The Human Plutonium Injection Experiments William Moss and Roger Eckhardt T he human plutonium injection experiments carried out during and after the Manhattan Project have received tremendous noto-.