Briefly define schizophrenia, explain the major presenting symptoms, and describe the five types of schizophrenia. Explain the epidemiology of schizophrenia including the lifetime prevalence, prevalence in first, second, and third degree relatives of persons with schizophrenia, incidence, prevelance by gender, age at onset, and geographical distribution.
This blog contains papers written by the author on various topics related to psychology. Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder, or a group of disorders represented by a severe impairment of individual thought process, and behavior TheFreeDictionary, Untreated patients suffering from schizophrenia are Case study for schizophrenia undifferentiated unable to filter various sensory stimuli, and exhibit enhanced perception of color, sound, and other environmental factors.
In most cases, a patient suffering from schizophrenia will gradually withdraw from personal interactions, and loose the ability to care for his or her individual basic needs TheFreeDictionary, Schizophrenia Schizophrenia includes three different subtype, and two over subtypes.
Patients suffering from paranoid schizophrenia will usually display symptoms of hallucinations or delusions. Patients suffering from disorganized schizophrenia are subject to an inappropriate effect, and disorganized speech patterns.
Individuals who display symptoms of schizophrenia but lack any symptoms of the three primary classifications are likely to be diagnosed into one of two alternate classifications: Symptoms of schizophrenia are classified into two primary categories.
These two categories relate to positive and negative symptoms. Schizophrenia is a complex illness that affects both men and women on an equal level.
The illness usually starts around the age of ten, or in young adulthood. However, cases of childhood-onset schizophrenia indicates that the illness can start as young as five years of age.
This is a more rare case of schizophrenia that can difficult to diagnose in relation to other childhood developmental problems PubMedHealth, While researchers have yet to discover the cause of schizophrenia, many suspect genetics to be a major contributor PubMedHealth, As a child, the patient showed signs of slower developmental skills, and was diagnosed as suffering from hyperactivity in early childhood.
Records indicate that the patient experienced a turbulent home life because of ongoing conflicts between her parents that resulted in separation, and reconciliation. Because of her apparent developmental disabilities, her parents devoted time to the patient however, the patient did receive criticism from her father for her behavioral dysfunctions.
As the patient matured, she displayed signs of being socially awkward and isolated from her peers, and in early adulthood started to display worsening symptoms like talking to herself, and displaying unusual behavior like stating at the floor for long periods.
Her first documented schizophrenia episode requiring hospitalization occurred shortly after the additional symptoms started to be displayed. After the initial hospitalization, the patient was returned home to facilitate a quicker recovery.
She was able to obtain a part-time position at work, and maintain daily household chores. However, the patient failed to follow the prescribed treatment regimen. Her third hospitalization resulted from local law officials discovering her walking in a local pond while incoherently mumbling to herself.
In addition to the primary stressor, and the underlying genetic and biological factors, it is possible that the emotions of the patient also contributed to her condition. Meyer, Chapman, and Weaver suggest that prodomal pruning theory may be one example of a cognitive factor.
The patient displayed behavior deficiencies in regard to compliance to prescribed treatment regimens, and involvement in situations that could produce high level stressors in her life. Conclusion Because illnesses like schizophrenia relate to various and different factors, each person effected by the illness will show differences in ability to function in a normal environment.
The various classifications of schizophrenia, ability to receive treatments, and the consideration of various influences and base-line factors help researchers determine what classification a patient falls into.
In this particular case, the patient displays symptoms of catatonic schizophrenia. She is able to function in environments that do not produce high levels of demand or stress on the individual. However, the underlying assumptions would indicate that the combination of outlined biological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral were in-place, and waiting for the appropriate stressor to trigger her symptoms.
Abnormal psychology 2nd ed. Case studies in abnormal behavior.Mar 16, · Dissociative identity disorder (DID), often called multiple personality disorder (MPD), has fascinated people for over a century.
However, though it is a very well-known disorder, mental health professionals are not even sure if it exists. The British Journal of Psychiatry is a leading international peer-reviewed psychiatric journal, covering all branches of psychiatry with a particular emphasis on the clinical aspects of each topic.
Published on behalf of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, the journal’s overriding concern is to improve the prevention, investigation, diagnosis, treatment, and care of mental illness, as well. Schizophrenia Symptoms and Diagnosis. There is currently no physical or lab test that can absolutely diagnose schizophrenia - a psychiatrist usually comes to the diagnosis based on clinical symptoms.
Dec 23, · The patient’s case study indicates that she has a history of eccentricity. Medical notations indicate that the patent's mother was an avid smoker, consuming approximately two packs of cigarets daily before and during pregnancy.
Schizophrenia A diagnosis of schizophrenia can be made when two or more prominent symptoms consistent with the illness (e.g., delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or behavior, negative symptoms) are present for the better part of a month or more, and substantial social or occupational functioning problems are noted to exist.
My Story Growing up, I found myself in a near-constant cold. My nose was almost always runny. I remember at one point thinking to myself that it seemed I had had a cold for almost ten years.